Stroke is acute disturbance of one or more of the functions of the brain due to blood and/or oxygen flow interruption. According to the cause of interruption, two forms of stroke can be outlined; ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic stroke results from blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain, while hemorrhagic stroke results from bleeding into or around the brain that compromises blood/oxygen supply. Stroke is usually associated with death of some of the brain cells (neurons). It may lead to reversible or irreversible loss of function.
The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness (sensory deficit) or weakness (motor deficit), especially on one side of the body; sudden loss of motor function on one side of the body - called hemiplegia; sudden severe headache; sudden confusion or trouble speaking (aphasia or dysphasia) or understanding speech; sudden trouble with vision in one or both eyes; sudden trouble with walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination (dysequilibrium).
To learn about more strategies of regeneration of the central nervous system, please click here.
- Carmichael ST (2006): Cellular and molecular mechanisms of neural repair after stroke: making waves Ann Neurol. 59:735-42
- Chen J, Chopp M (2006): Neurorestorative treatment of stroke: cell and pharmacological approaches NeuroRx. 3: 466-73
- Shingo T, Sorokan ST, Shimazaki T, Weiss S (2001): Erythropoietin regulates the in vitro and in vivo production of neuronal progenitors by mammalian forebrain neural stem cells. J Neurosci 21 :9733-43
- Studer L, Csete M, Lee SH, Kabbani N, Walikonis J, Wold B, McKay R (2000): Enhanced proliferation, survival, and dopaminergic differentiation of CNS precursors in lowered oxygen.J Neurosci.20: 7377-83
- Silver J, Miller JH (2004): Regeneration beyond the glial scar. Nat Rev Neurosci. 5: 146-56 - Wang L, Zhang Z, Wang Y, Zhang R, Chopp M (2004): Treatment of stroke with erythropoietin enhances neurogenesis and angiogenesis and improves neurological function in rats.Stroke 35:1732-7
The Neural Repair Institute is a legal assumed name for Your Biology, NFP
The Neural Repair Institute is a not-for-profit, tax exempt organization under section 501 C 3. All donations are tax-deductible. P.O. Box 437 - Chicago Ridge, IL 60415 - 0437 Tel: 708 - 393 - 6383 Fax: 1-888 - 913 - 2307 Website: www.neuralrepairinstitute.orgEmail: email@example.com